One of the oldest card puzzles is by Claude Caspar Bachet de Meziriac,
first published, I believe, in the 1624 edition of his work. Rearrange
the sixteen court cards (including the aces) in a square so that in no
row of four cards, horizontal, vertical, or diagonal, shall be found two
cards of the same suit or the same value. This in itself is easy enough,
but a point of the puzzle is to find in how many different ways this may
be done. The eminent French mathematician A. Labosne, in his modern
edition of Bachet, gives the answer incorrectly. And yet the puzzle is
really quite easy. Any arrangement produces seven more by turning the
square round and reflecting it in a mirror. These are counted as
different by Bachet.
Note "row of four cards," so that the only diagonals we have here to
consider are the two long ones.
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