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THE EXCHANGE PUZZLE.
(Moving Counter Problem
Here is a rather entertaining little puzzle with moving counters. You
only need twelve counters--six of one colour, marked A, C, E, G, I, and
K, and the other six marked B, D, F, H, J, and L. You first place them
on the diagram, as shown in the illustration, and the puzzle is to get
them into regular alphabetical order, as follows:--
A B C D
E F G H
I J K L
The moves are made by exchanges of opposite colours standing on the same
line. Thus, G and J may exchange places, or F and A, but you cannot
exchange G and C, or F and D, because in one case they are both white
and in the other case both black. Can you bring about the required
arrangement in seventeen exchanges?
It cannot be done in fewer moves. The puzzle is really much easier than
it looks, if properly attacked.