## MAGIC SQUARES OF TWO DEGREES.

(

Magic Squares Problem.)

While reading a French mathematical work I happened to come across, the

following statement: "A very remarkable magic square of 8, in two

degrees, has been constructed by M. Pfeffermann. In other words, he has

managed to dispose the sixty-four first numbers on the squares of a

chessboard in such a way that the sum of the numbers in every line,

every column, and in each of the two diagonals, shall be the same; and

more, that if one substitutes for all the numbers their squares, the

square still remains magic." I at once set to work to solve this

problem, and, although it proved a very hard nut, one was rewarded by

the discovery of some curious and beautiful laws that govern it. The

reader may like to try his hand at the puzzle.

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THE BASKETS OF PLUMS.
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TWO NEW MAGIC SQUARES.