There are some curious facts concerning the movements of wheels that are
apt to perplex the novice. For example: when a railway train is
travelling from London to Crewe certain parts of the train at any given
moment are actually moving from Crewe towards London. Can you indicate
those parts? It seems absurd that parts of the same train can at any
time travel in opposite directions, but such is the case.
In the accompanying illustration we have two wheels. The lower one is
supposed to be fixed and the upper one running round it in the direction
of the arrows. Now, how many times does the upper wheel turn on its own
axis in making a complete revolution of the other wheel? Do not be in a
hurry with your answer, or you are almost certain to be wrong.
Experiment with two pennies on the table and the correct answer will
surprise you, when you succeed in seeing it.
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